Modifier Solution Barisal Board- 2017

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Modifier Board Question Solution
Barisal Board- 2017
 
1.Raja, (a) — (Post- modify the noun with an appositive), is known to his classmate as a good student.
 He has (b) —– (Use a quantifier to Pre modify the noun) good qualities. 
Raja knows that the (c) —— (Pre-modify the noun with an adjective) 
duty of a student is to study and he never neglects (d) —– (Use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) duty. 
He prepares (e) —– (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons regularly. Raja maintains discipline. 
He knows the value of time. He gets up (f) —– (post- modify the verb with an adverb) so the he can get enough time to study. 
Raja goes to school (g) —– (Post-modify the verb with an adverb).  He never wastes a (h) ——– (Pre-modify the noun with an adjective) moment in vain. 
Raja is (i) ——– (Pre- modify the adjective with an intensifier) gentle.
 He always obeys his parents and teachers. 
Raja never mixes with (j) —- (Pre-modify the noun) boys. 
A boy like Raja is an asset of our nation.
 

Modifier Solution Barisal Board- 2017

 
Answer with Explanation
(a)Raja, (a) — (Post- modify the noun with an appositive), is known to his classmate as a good student.
ব্যাখ্যা: Post k‡ãi A_© c‡i| ZvB ‡h Modifier-Noun ev Noun Phrase, Adjective, verb Ges Adverb Gi c‡i e‡m Noun ‡K Modify Zv‡K Post Modifiere‡j| 
আর, hLb `ywU Noun ev Noun Phrase cvkvcvwk e‡m
 GKB e¨w³ ev e¯Íy ev welq‡K eySvq ZLb wØZxq Noun ev Noun Phrase wU‡K cÖ_g Noun wUi Appositive ev Case in Appositive e‡j|Answer: a good boy.
 
(b)He has (b) —– (Use a quantifier to Pre modify the noun) good qualities.
ব্যাখ্যা:Pre A_© c~‡e©| AZGe, †h Modifier- Noun ev Noun Phrase, Adjective, verb Ges Adverb Gi c~‡e© e‡m তাদের Modify K‡i Zv‡K Pre-modifier e‡j| 
আবার, ‡h mKj Word- Noun Gi c~‡e© e‡m Noun wbw`©óZv ev Awbw`©óZv, msL¨v cwigvY wb‡©`k K‡i, Zv‡`i Determiners ejv nq|Determiners Gi AvIZvq c‡o- Demonstrative Adjective, Indefinite Adjective, Quantifier,Article etc 
আর,First, second, third… One, two, three… few, a few, much, many, a many, many a, little, a little, a huge number of, a lot of, lots of, a great deal of, a great amount of, no, none, every, each, some, any BZ¨vw` Pre-modifier, Quantifier wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ nq| Answer: Some/ many.

       Modifier Solution Barisal Board- 2017

 
(c)He knows that the (c) —— (Pre-modify the noun with an adjective) duty of a student is to study
ব্যাখ্যা: Pre-modifier হিসেবে বিভিন্ন রকম Adjective ব্যবহৃত হতে পারে।
যেমন: Determiners, Present Participle, Past Particle, Degree ইত্যাদি। 
এখানে যেহেতু gap এর আগে The রয়েছে তাই Ordinal number ‘first’ বসালে বাক্যটি অর্থপূর্ণ হয় । 
যা Determiner এর অন্তর্ভূক্ত Quantifier এর অংশ। অতএব Answer: first.
 
 
(d)he never neglects (d) —– (Use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) duty.
ব্যাখ্যা: Demonstrative Adjective (this, that, these, those) pre-modifier wn‡m‡e Noun Gi c~‡e© e¨eüZ n‡q Noun Gi wbw`©óZv wb‡`©k K‡i| Answer: this.
(e)He prepares (e) —– (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons regularly.
ব্যাখ্যা:Possessive as pre-modifier:G †ÿ‡Î Possessive (my, our, your, her, his, its, their,) Noun Gi c~‡e© e‡m Pre-modifier wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ nq| Answer: his.
(f)He gets up (f) —– (post- modify the verb with an adverb) so the he can get enough time to study
ব্যাখ্যা: Adverb as Post Modifier of Verb: Adverb hLb Verb Gi c‡i e‡m Verb ‡K Modify K‡i, ZLb Adverb wU Post Modifier wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i| Answer: early.
 

Modifier Solution Barisal Board- 2017

 
(g)He goes to school (g) —– (Post-modify the verb with an adverb).
ব্যাখ্যা:Adverb as Post Modifier of Verb: Adverb hLb Verb Gi c‡i e‡m Verb ‡K Modify K‡i, ZLb Adverb wU Post Modifier wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i| Answer: regularly.
(h)He never wastes a (h) ——– (Pre-modify the noun with an adjective) moment in vain.
ব্যাখ্যা: বাক্যটিতে Adjective দিয়ে পরবর্তী noun- moment কে pre-modifier করতে বলা হয়েছে।
যেহেতু gap এর পূর্বের Article ‘a’ আছে, অতএব সঠিক Answer: single ই perfect.
(i)Raja is (i) ——– (Pre- modify the adjective with an intensifier) gentle.
ব্যাখ্যা: Intensifier g~jZ Adjective Gi c~‡e© e‡m Adjective Gi Dci †Rvi ‡`q| A_©¨vr Adjective m¤ú‡K© AwZi³ Z_¨ †`q| 
G‡ÿ‡Î Intensifier wn‡m‡e Very me‡P‡q বেশি e¨en„Z nq| Z‡e gv‡S gv‡S SoI e¨eüZ n‡Z cv‡i|Answer: very.
(j)He never mixes with (j) —- (Pre-modify the noun) boys.

       ব্যাখ্যা: এই বাক্যটিতে noun- boys কে pre-modify করতে বলা হয়েছে। কিন্তু কি ধরনের word দিয়ে modify করতে হবে তা বলা হয়নি।

তবে আমরা জানি Noun কে Pre-modify করে বিভিন্ন ধরনের Adjective । সুতরাং gap এর মধ্যে একটি Adjective হবে। Answer: bad.

 

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