This is about HSC Modifier Rules (Video). Practice these rules again and again. And you will be successful.
o Modifier: শাব্দিক অর্থে Modifier বলতে গুন প্রকাশকারী বা বিশেষণবাচক শব্দ বা শব্দগুচ্ছকে বুঝায়| কিন্তু English Grammar GModifier কোনো কিছু সম্পর্কে‡ অতিরিক্ত তথ্য প্রদানকারী শব্দ হিসেবে পরিচিত।Modifier- Noun এর পাশাপাশি অন্যান্য Word- কেও Modify করে|
ü Phrase: (Phrase হচ্ছে group of words (শব্দগুচ্ছ যার কোন finite verb থাকে না| অন্যদিকে, Clause হচ্ছে এমন বাক্যাংশ যার Subject I finite verb রয়েছে|)
The boy pulling rickshaw is very poor.
Andaleeb Rahman Partho is a skilled orator (বক্তা).
The crow swiftly went to the jar.
We have to work hard to shine in life.
Determiner, Adjective, Adverb এবং Noun, Modifier এর কাজ করে|
Pakistan army swooped on armless Bangalee in 1971.
The sleeping puppy is so cute.
Post-modifier: Post শব্দের অর্থ পবে| তাই যে Modifier-Noun বা Noun Phrase, Adjective, verb এবং Adverb এর পরে বসে Modify করে, তাকে Post Modifier বলে|
There is nothing abnormal in report.
সাধারণত Noun, adjective, verb এবং adverb এর পূর্বে Pre-modifiers ব্যবহৃত হয়।
Structure: Modifiers + noun/adjective/verb/adverb
Click Here for Jessore Board- 2017:
* Article: a, an, the
*Demonstrative: this, that, these, those, which etc.
*Possessive: my, your, our, his, her, their, its, Rahman’s
* Numerals: two, three, four, etc.
* Quantifiers: all, any, both, some, no, every, either, neither, few, little, many, much, another, enough, several etc.
* Ordinals: first, second, third, 1st, 2nd, 3rd etc.
Here (j) ——- (use a determiner) nutritionist can help us. Ans: a (C.B-2017)
(Post modify the verb with an adverb), you can communicate with (e)…… (Use article to pre-modify the noun phrase) rest of the world.(J.B-2016)
To erase (e) —— (use a demonstrator to pre-modify the noun) history is not easy. Ans: this (Ctg.B-2017)
But she found (f)….. (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) jug too heavy. Ans: that (R.B-2016)
We can never forget (j)…… (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the adjective phrase) lovely sea birds. (C.B-2016)
Click here for Cumilla Board- 2017
Most of the people in (a) ….. (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country do not know the importance of English. (J.B-2016)
He says prayer (h) —— (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) times a day. Ans: five (Din.B-2017)
because you have (j)…. (Pre-modify the noun with a determiner) tail of your own. (Ctg.B-2016)
The (c)….. (Determiner to pre-modify the noun) name of water is life. (Din.B-2016)
Click Here for C.B- 2017
Adjective as Pre-modifier: বাক্যে Adjective- Noun বা Noun phrase- এর পূর্বে বসে ঐ Noun বা Noun phrase সর্ম্পকে অতিরিক্ত তথ্য দেয়। সুতরাং ঐ Noun বা Noun phrase টির Pre-modifier এর কাজ করে|
He husband was a (a) —– (Pre-modify the noun) farmer. Ans: poor (R.B-2017)
Deforestation causes (b) ——(pre-modify the noun) imbalance. Ans: ecological.
English is an international language.
——(use a participle to pre-modify the noun) trees in such an indiscriminate rate will be hazardous for our future existence. Ans: Cutting. (D.B-2017)
The —— (use a participle to pre-modify them noun) temperature will cause greenhouse effect. Ans: increasing. (D.B-2017)
The (e) ——(use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) level is rising. Ans: sea. (D. B-2017)
We are responsible for (h) ….. (Noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) pollution. Ans: water (Din. B-2016)
It was a hot (a)… (Use a noun adjective to per-modify the noun) day. (R.B-2016)
It is surely an important element of your (f)…… (Use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) skill. (J.B-2016)
Poor knowledge of English will hamper your (h)…… (Use noun adjective) development.(J.B-2016)
Apartheid was (c) —— (use noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) policy of racial segregation. Ans: government
Adverb, intensifiers, downtoners as Adjective Pre-modifiers: mvaviYZ Adverb, intensifiers, downtoners ‡Kv‡bv Adjective Gi c~‡e© e‡m Pre-modifiers wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i|
It is that our tails are (f)….. (Pre-modify the adjective) useless. (Ctg.B-2016)
Terrorism is really unexpected reality of modern world.
Sheikh Mujib was an internationally acclaimed leader.
A village doctor is a very familiar person in the rural areas of Bangladesh.
In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) …… (Use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. Ans: very (B.B-2016; J.B-2017)
He is (g) —– (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) devoted to God. Ans: very/ greatly (Din.B-2017)
His songs are (f) —– (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) melodious. Ans: very (Syl.B-2017)
They became (f)…… (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dear and friendly to us. (C.B-2016)
Adverb as Pre-modifier of Verb: Adverb- verb Gi c~‡e© e‡m Pre-modifier Gi KvR K‡i|
Village doctor is (b) …… (Pre-modify the verb) known as a quack. Ans: also (B.B-2016; J.B-2017)
We may (f) …… (Pre-modify the verb) face premature death by drinking such type of water. Ans: surely (Syl. B-2016)
Students were attentively reading in the library.
‡h word – noun Gi c‡i e‡m D³ noun m¤ú‡K© AwZwi³ Z_¨ cÖ`vb K‡i Zv Noun Post-modifiers.
His father, (i) ——- (Post-modify the noun with an appositive) supports him cordially. Ans: a poor farmer (Din.B-2017)
Raja, — (Post- modify the noun with an appositive), is known to his classmate as a good student. Ans: a poor boy (B. B-2017)
Nazrul, (c) —— (use an appositive), won the attention of everyone in his childhood. Ans: a rebel poet. (Syl. B-2017)
You will suffer (i) ….. (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase/ adverbial) of your life. (Syl.B-2016)
Brabantio, a rich, senator of Venice had a daughter named Desdemona (d)….. (Use a relative clause to post modify the noun). Ans: who is very beautiful (Syl.B-2016)
The boy who obtained GPA5 is brilliant.
Some dishonest peoplecut trees in our forest (c) ——(use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) money. Ans; to earn much. (D. B-2017)
She refused all the young men (j)……. (Use an infinitive to post modify the verb) because she loved Othello. (Syl.B-2016)
He does (c) —— (Post-modify the verb) in every examination as he does not waste time. (Din.B-2017)
If we destroy trees (h) —— (use an adverbial phrase to post-modify the verb), one day the country will turn into a great desert. Ans: at random. (D.B-2017)
Deforestation means cutting down of trees (a) ——(post-modify the verb). Ans: randomly.
At this, his family thought that they might lose their son (j)…… (Post-modify the verb). (D.B-2016)
I had a peculiar experience (a)…… (Post-modify the verb) while travelling to St. Martin’s Island. (C.B-2016)
She pitied Othello (h)….. (Use an adverb to post modify the verb) for the misfortunes. (Syl.B-2016)
We may (f) …… (Pre-modify the verb) face premature death. (Din.B-2016)
New areas of the world are (f) ——(use a participle to pre-modify the verb) turned into desert. Ans: being. (D.B-2017)
Ayesha Begum started (i) —— (Post-modify the verb) in the village to feed her old, sick husband and herself. Ans: begging. (R.B-2017)
Their sons also started (d) —— (use present participle to modify the verb) with their father. Ans: working (R.B-2017)
He wrote letters to Kolkata (i)…… (post modify the verb with a present participle) English society. (D.B-2016)
….. (Use a participle to pre-modify the verb), she saw some pebbles nearby.(R.B-2016)
Soon it was high (j)……. (Post-modify the adjective) for the crow to drink. (R.B-2016)
He told them of caves and of mountains high (f)…. (Use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) to touch the sky. (Syl.B-2016)
Infinitive as Post Modifier of Adjective:Infinitive PhraseGB hw` †KvbAdjective Gi c‡i e‡m HAdjective †K Modify K‡i Ze †mB Infinitive Phrase wU Adjective Gi Post Modifier |
It is essential (b) —- (Post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a healthy life. Ans: to lead (C.B-2017)
But it is not easy (i) —– (Post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a balanced diet. Ans: to select (C.B-2017)
Najrul was unlucky to meet a man like Ali Akber Khan.
They buy some special presents for their dearest mother. (Superlative)
The menu is less varied, and less expensive. (Comparative)
you will suffer (i) ….. (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase/ adverbial) of your life. (J.B-2016)
The road from Chittagong is four-lane.