Food Adulteration Reaches
Food Adulteration Reaches New Height is an easy explanation of HSC first paper. Actually, it is a video tutorial. So, it will be very helpful for all. 
Unsafe levels of pesticides are present in around half of the vegetables and more than a
quarter of fruits sold in the capitalÕs markets, a recent survey has found. A 15-member
team of the National Food Safety Laboratory, with support from the Food and
Agriculture Organisation (FAO), came up with the findings after collecting and testing
food samples from the capitalÕs Gulshan, Karwanbazar and Mohakhali markets.
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The survey report, a copy of which was acquired by the Dhaka Tribune, read that
nearly 40% of 82 samples of milk, milk products, fish, fruits and vegetables contained
banned pesticides such as DDT, Aldrin, Chlordane and Heptachlor. The amounts of
pesticide in these samples were found to be 3 to 20 times greater than the limits set by
the European Union. Around 50% vegetables and 35% fruits were found to be
contaminated with unsafe level of pesticides.

Food Adulteration Reaches New Height

Analysing more than 30 samples of turmeric powder (branded, packaged and open),
the team also found that nearly 30% of the samples contained traces of lead chromate,
which can be fatal if swallowed or inhaled.
These samples also contained lead at 20 to
50 times above the safety limit of 2.5 parts per million set by the Bangladesh Standard
Testing Institute (BSTI). Arsenic and chromium above safety limits were detected in a
total of 5 out of 13 rice samples.
Using a sensitive High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method
developed by the Food Safety Lab, 66 samples were analysed for the presence of
formaldehyde. Adulteration was thereby detected in samples of coriander, mango and
fresh shrimps.

Food Adulteration Reaches New Height

The tests indicated that poultry feed in the country had also been contaminated, as
samples of chicken and fish contained traces of antibiotics. High microbial populations
were found in several samples of pasteurised milk, indicating poor processing
procedures by the manufacturers.
Samples of cucumber and street foods also showed
high microbial populations, suggesting widespread contamination in the water supply.
The Director of Institute of Public Health (IPH), told the Dhaka Tribune that the
survey report has been submitted to the Health Ministry. Further tests of different
products were being carried out at the Food Safety Lab.

Food Adulteration Reaches New Height

A former Director General of the Health Services and senior national adviser of the
FAO, said the findings were shocking for the whole nation. He added that instead of
focusing only on the end products, the issue should be addressed at the root level.
Pointing out that there were four steps in the production process-farmer, transport,
wholesale, and retail trader, -he said better monitoring and supervision were
mandatory for stopping food adulteration.
Adulterated food products are reportedly the cause behind thousands of people
suffering from fatal diseases like cancer, kidney failure and heart problems. Health
specialists told the Dhaka Tribune that the Ministry of Food had enacted a Food Safety
Act, but was yet to prepare the necessary rules. As the issue of food safety was also
linked to 14 other ministries, a coordinated agency should take responsibility of
ensuring safety in food products, they added.

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