Kalpana Chawla Summary for HSC: Kalpana Chawla was the first Indian-born woman and the second woman from the Indian Sub-continent to visit space. Although she completed her schooling and graduation in India, she later migrated to the USA. From the USA she obtained master’s and Ph.D degrees. She joined NASA as a Vice-President in 1988 and later became an astronaut in 1995. In her first mission, she was responsible for deploying the Spartan Satellite. However, it malfunctioned and needed to be retrieved by two of her colleagues. 

 

Kalpana Chawla Summary for HSC

The passage is about the state, level and consequence of food adulteration in Bangladesh. In a recent survey it has been found that the samples of different types of food stuffs are contaminated by high level of different types of pesticides and poisonous chemicals. These foodstuffs are unsafe and dangerous for consumption. This problem persists at every level of food from preparation to consumption. Food manufacturers, processors, restaurants, fast-food outlets and so forth are all involved in one way or another in this malpractice.

 Foods are adulterated by using various harmful chemicals and toxic artificial colours. Besides, rotten foods are stored, sold and served to consumers in an unhygenic atmosphere. These pratices have negative effect on public health and cause numerous fatal and chronic diseases. 

Summary of Human Rights HSC: The poem portrays the tragedy of a young boy . The boy works in a sawmill. The poem is written by Robert Frost. He is an American poet. The poet brings the social realities and philosophical concerns of his time to light. His poem ‘Out, Out’ depicts how this cruel mechanical modern world brings about the  tragedy of a working boy. The poem starts with the buzzing of the saw mill where many people work who hardly get time to enjoy the natural beauty. In this sawmill a young boy also works and does a man’s job. He eagerly expects to have at least half an hour to play. Then the poem reaches its climax when his sister calls him for ‘supper’. 

It seems that the saw knows the meaning and eats the boy’s hand.The boy has to give is hand and come to realise the futility  of his life without hand in this mechanical world. He implores his sister dot of let the doctor cut his hand. But the hand is already gone. Then the boy meets his tragic end. Eventually, he dies. There is a crowd to watch the tragic incident, but as soon as the boy dies. they returned to their respective jobs, for the boy is not their relative.

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