Love of oneself

Choose the right word for love of oneself

Choose right word for love of oneself

(a) Hedonism
(b) masochism 
(c) narcissism
d) sadism

(c) narcissism

 

(a) hedonism= a belief that pleasure is the most important thing in life. (সুখ জীবনের পরমার্থ, এই চিন্তা) প্রেয়োবাদ।

(b) masochism = sextual behaviour in which one gains pleasure being hurt or punished.

(c) narcissism- আত্মরতি (নিজের মধ্যে একান্ত নিবিষ্টতা)

(d) sadism- behavioue in which someone gets pleasure from hurting other people.

Love of oneself

Adverb Clause

যে Clause  Sentence-এ Verb-কে modify করে অর্থাৎ Adverb-এর কার্য সম্পন্ন করে তাকে Adverb Clause বলে। মাঝে মাঝে এটি Adjective ও Adverb-কেও Modify করে ।

PC. Das বলেন, “Adverbial Clause বাক্যে Adverb এর মতো Verb, Adjective বা অন্য কোন Adverb কে modify করে এবং সময়(Time), স্থান(Place), কারণ(cause and reason), ফল(effect or result), পরিমাণ(extent), ধরণ(manner), তুলনা(comparison), বৈপরীত্য(contrast), শর্ত(condition) বা উদ্দেশ্য(purpose) বোঝায়।”

Clause for BCS Preparation

Love of oneself

Usage of Adverb Clause

Use

Time (সময়)


Place (স্থান)

 

Cause or reason(কারণ)

Effect or result (ফলাফল)

Extent(পরিমাণ)

Manner (ধরণ, যেন)

Condition (শর্ত)

Comparison (তুলনা)

Contrast (বৈপরীত্য)

Purpose

Linking words

When

 

Where

 

Because, as

that

Clause for BCS Preparation

as far as

as, as if

if

as—as, than

though

that

Examples

Ratul has come when I am watching TV.

Imtiaz can get admitted where he wants.

I will not go with you because I have exam.
I will not go with you as I have exam.

She is so poor that she can not afford bread and butter.

As far as I know, the girl is meritorious.

Ritu works a she usually does.
She speaks as is she knew everything.

I will go if she wants.

She is as brilliant as her brother is. 
I am taller than you.

Though/although she is poor, she is honest.

We read that we learn.

Clause for BCS Preparation

Note

Love of oneself

As- কখনো reason-কারণ হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয়। আবার Contrast বা বৈপরীত্য হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয়।

Reason বা কারণ: As weather was rough, we could not reach timely.
কিন্তু, As যখন Contrast অর্থ দেয়, তখন ভিন্ন একটি Structure এ ব্যবহৃত হয়।
Adjective + as+ subject + verb, Independent Clause.

Example: Brilliant as he is, he is unemployed.
                   Poor as she is, she donated one thousand taka.

Clause for BCS Preparation

Noun এরপর That clause কখন Noun Clause এবং কখন Adjective clause.

The news that he has died is false.

Noun এরপর that clause noun clause হয় ৪টি শর্তে: 

১. NOun ছাড়া যদি That clause টি পরিপূর্ণ অর্থ প্রকাশ করে
২. That clause এ যদি intransitive verb থাকে।
৩. That clause এ যদি linking verb থাকে।
৪.  That Clause এ যদি transitive verb object সহ থাকে।

The fact that Karim is a good boy is known to me.
The fact that Nanno is a good cricketer is known to all.

The news that you heard yesterday is known to all.

একটি মাত্র কারণেই NOun এর পর That Clause Adjective clause হয়, তা হলো That clause এর কোন object থাকবে না।

The news that he gave me was false.

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