Valentina Tereshkova (born on 6 March 1937)


Text: Valentina Tereshkova was born in the village Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, in Central Russia.Tereshkova’s father was a tractor driver and her mother worked in a textile plant.

 Tereshkova began school in 1945 at the age of eight, but left school in 1953 and continued her education through distance learning. She became interested in parachuting from a young age, and trained in skydiving at the local Aeroclub, making her first jump at age 22 on 21 May 1959. 

At that time she was employed as a textile worker in a local factory. It was her expertise in skydiving that led to her selection as a cosmonaut.


Summary of Valentina Tereshkova


After the flight of Yuri Gagarin (the first human being to travel to outer space in 1961), the Soviet Union decided to send a woman in space. On 16 February 1962, ‘proletaria’ Valentina Tereshkova was selected for this project from among more than four hundred applicants. 

Tereshkova had to undergo a series of training that included weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory, spacecraft engineering, 120 parachute jumps and pilot training in MiG-15UTI jet fighters. 

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Since the successful launch ofthe spacecraft Vostok-5 on 14 June 1963, Tereshkova began preparing for her own flight. On the morning of 16 June 1963, Tereshkova and her back-up cosmonaut Solovyova were dressed in space suits and taken to the space shuttle launch pad by a bus. 

After completing her communication and life support checks, she was sealed inside Vostok 6. Finishing a two-hour countdown, Vostok-6 launched faultlessly. (Brief)


Summary of Valentina Tereshkova



Valentina Tereshkova is a brave woman who stepped to the outer world. Actually she made a huge turn in history. The citizen of Central Russia was the first woman in the history. Because she traveled the space for the first time in 1963. Making a successful journey, she came back to the earth safely. Though Tereshkova was a working class lady, she had a vision towards the goal. However she was selected from the list of more than four hundred applicants. Finally, she spent more than three days in space and made 48 rounds around the earth. Long after, she got her doctorate in 1977. And she became presidium member of the Supreme Soviet. Still now she wants to travel the Mars at her very old age. 


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